Department of Theory and History of Law and State
The Department of Theory and History of Law and State was established in 2007. It prepares specialists who possess fundamental theoretical knowledge of legal reality and the dialectical unity of state and law. We encourage our students to develop a wider vision, creative thinking, analytical and practical skills.
Head of Department
Associate Professor, Doctor of Law A. Ghambaryan.
Currently the Department of Theory and History of Law and State consists of 11 lecturers (1 Doctor of Law, 8 Ph.D. degree holders and 2 lecturers currently working on their Ph.D. dissertation). The Department covers full-time Master's Degree and Ph.D. programs.
Department staff specializes in several fields of jurisprudence: methodology of jurisprudence, theory of state and law, history of state and law. Narrow research topics include theory of legal techniques, legal expertise, conflict of laws, mechanisms of social and legal protection of vulnerable groups of the society. Our educational and research activity is directed at detailed investigation into theoretical problems of origin and functioning of the state and law, legal definitions, philosophy of law.
We pay particular attention to upgrading the qualification of our teaching staff. Department’s Senior Lecturer G. Marangulyan successfully graduated qualification upgrade course at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and Harvard University Law School. Department’s Associate Professor A.Pkhrikyan successfully participated in the training “Winter Academy Transformation Lawyers 2010” in Germany; Senior Lecturer L. Dallakyan took part in training on innovative and interactional teaching methods organized by the British International Educational Association IDEA at the American University in Armenia in 2012. In 2016 all lecturers of the Department, including Head of Department, participated in the training on empiric jurisprudence held by the leading scientists of the Institute of the Problems of Law-Enforcement of the European University of St. Petersburg.
Subjects Taught within the Scope of our Activities
Department staff delivers 29 general, special and alternative courses, 9 in Bachelor’s Degree Program, 16 in Master’s Degree Program and 4 in Ph.D. Program.
Bachelor’s: Theory of State and Law, History of State and Law of Foreign Countries, History of the State and Law of Armenia, History of the State and Law of Russia, Legal Ethics.
Master’s: History and Methodology of Legal Sciences, Philosophy of Law, Comparative Law, Problems of Political and Legal Studies.
Special courses in Master's: Rules of Legal Techniques, Conflict of law, Practical Skills on Composition of Advocate Documents, Practical Skills on Composition of Law-Enforcement Documents, Development of Law in the Sphere of Biomedicine, Civil-Legal and Financial Mechanisms for the Protection of Vulnerable Groups of the Society, Juvenile Justice.
Ph.D.: Problems of Theory of State and Law, History of Political and Legal Studies, Problems of Historical Development of Russian Law.
Introducing perspective educational technologies that will guarantee the development of students’ creative potential is an important part of our activity. We use various teaching methods and forms of knowledge assessment: debates, round-table discussions, brainstorming, interactive means, role-playing games, tests, essays, movie watching and discussion, situation modeling, etc. The Department strives to imply the principle of lifelong learning and ensure a smooth transition from one level of education to another: high school – bachelor – master – Ph.D. – regular qualification upgrade.
In nearly 10 years of research activity our academic staff produced more than 100 scientific papers published in the Armenian and Russian scientific journals, including those reviewed by the Supreme Certifying Commission. Department academic staff has published more than 10 monographs, textbooks and manuals.
The development of the scientific research activity of the Department is ensured through participation of the Department in the scientific research projects and competition programs declared by the State Committee of Science of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Armenia and also by the appropriate Russian and other international bodies.
Besides, the Department develops research directions through organization of various scientific events on current problems of legal science and practice with mandatory participation of the lecturers of the Department and students. The Department regularly organizes inter-university debates and moot courts, round-tables, scientific seminars and conferences within the University and of republican scale, as well as various educational courses and schools involving leading local and foreign specialists in the field. To ensure the continuity and sequence of Department’s scientific research activity, we attentively supervise student Master's theses and Ph.D. dissertations.
Our Scientific Pursuits
- Current issues of theory of law
- Sociology of law, empirical legal research
- Theoretical grounds of legal expertise
- Development of law in biomedicine
- Observation of the rules of drafts of normative-legal acts
- Issues of conflict of laws
- System of the sources of law
- Main rules of composition of law-enforcement acts
- Main rules of the composition of advocate documents
Somatic human rights (free disposition of person’s body and his/her organs, cloning, etc.) as theoretical-legal grounds for new generation of human rights.
Study of legal status of the most vulnerable groups of society and improvement of the mechanisms for their legal protection (children, elderly people, people with disabilities).